Pushing the Limits of Thermal Transport to Address Electronics, Energy and Climate Challenges
Dr. Xiulin Ruan, Purdue University
3:30 p.m., October 24, 2023 | B001 Geddes Hall
This talk will overview our recent effort in pushing the limits of thermal transport to address challenges in electronics thermal management, sustainable energy, and climate crisis. The first part of the talk will cover our development of the general formulation and computational method of four-phonon scattering and prediction of its unexpected significance in thermal conductivity, thermal radiative properties, and Raman spectra. Our predictions have been confirmed by a wide range of experiments, including some highest thermal conductivity materials for semiconductor applications. We also show these expensive predictions can be significantly accelerated via machine learning.
The second part will cover the invention of ultrawhite paints that can cool below the ambient temperature under direct sunlight without consuming power. We have fabricated CaCO3-acrylic, BaSO4-acrylic, and hBN-acrylic paints that reflect 95.5%, 98.1%, and 97.9% of sunlight respectively. Together with high emissivity in the sky window, these paints emit more infrared heat than the absorbed solar irradiation, cooling the surfaces up to 4.5 °C below the ambient temperature and achieving a cooling power up to 117 W/m2. Our theoretical analysis show that such high performance is accomplished via pushing a few factors to the limit simultaneously. Radiative cooling paints can have broad implications from saving energy to mitigating climate crisis. The talk will close by exploring future opportunities.
Dr. Xiulin Ruan is a professor in the School of Mechanical Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center at Purdue University. He received his B.S. and M.S. in Engineering Thermophysics in 2000 and 2002 respectively from Tsinghua University. He then received an M.S. in electrical engineering in 2006 and Ph.D. in mechanical engineering in 2007 from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. Subsequently he joined Purdue faculty.
His research and teaching interests are in predictive simulations, scalable manufacturing, and multiscale characterizations of thermal transport materials and systems. Dr. Ruan received several awards, including NSF CAREER Award in 2012, Air Force Summer Faculty Fellowship in 2010, 2011, and 2013, ASME Heat Transfer Division Best Paper Award in 2015, Purdue University School of Mechanical Engineering Outstanding Engineering Graduate Student Mentor Award in 2016 and 2022, University Faculty Scholar Award in 2017, College of Engineering Research Excellence Award in 2022, Guinness World Record in 2022, South by Southwest (SXSW) Innovation Award for Sustainability in 2023, Brillouin Medal from the International Phononics Society in 2023.
He is an ASME Fellow and currently serves as an associate editor for ASME Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer.